Date: 6 months ago   Category: Cosmos

The abnormal structure around a black hole is found


Astronomers of the Leicester university have for the first time recorded falling of substance in a supermassive black hole with a speed equal to 30 percent of velocity of light. It indicates that the plasma rotating around a hole forms not a flat accretionary disk, but complex structure of chaotic rings. Article of scientists is published in the Royal Astronomical Society.PG211 143 magazine, removed more than on one billion light years from Earth, represents the seyfertovsky galaxy, that is the galaxy with the active kernel which is marking out huge amount of energy. In the center of a kernel the fed supermassive black hole around which there is a disk from quickly rotating substance settles down. This disk radiates the powerful electromagnetic radiation surpassing Addington's limit, that is force of the arising fields in some areas exceeds gravitational forces of a black hole. Ultrafast emissions (ultrafast outflows, UFO) plasmas which speed reaches 0,2 velocity of light result. The data obtained by means of the XMM-Newton space telescope and other tools have shown that the internal disk around a black hole has complex structure therefore ultrafast emissions from different regions gather various speeds. Results of the previous researches have allowed to assume that some such emissions can get straight to a black hole that throws down a challenge to ideas of a flat accretionary disk in which substance slowly, on a spiral, approaches the horizon of events. Materials on teme00:02 — Curly сценарийРаскрыт the mechanism of an usykhaniye black dyrrascheta show on July 27, 2017 that disks in active galactic kernels are affected by forces arising at effect of Lenze-Tirringa which is observed near the rotating massive bodies. There are additional accelerations similar to Coriolis's acceleration. As a result the disk is broken off on separate rings of gas which begin to be displaced in a random way. These rings can face with each other, as a result substance in them loses speed and falls in a black hole. At the same time the residual moment of an impulse characterizing rotary motion is able to allow gas to form a disk of smaller radius. Scientists have analysed the data obtained by means of the XMM-Newton space telescope and have found the evidence of existence of the short-lived stream of plasma sent to a black hole about 0,3 velocity of light. It proves that accretionary disks are really capable to be split. Astronomers note that such chaotic accretion constrains rotation of a black hole and allows her grow quickly. It would help to solve a problem of supermassive black holes in the early Universe which it, agrees one of hypotheses, have appeared from large "germs" — the black holes which are directly formed of huge clouds of gas or at a collapse of especially big stars. Results of a research show that in such massive germs there is no need. It is more than important news in Film of Day Telegram-channel. Subscribe!

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